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2. Basic concepts


Any amount of data. A block is described by its starting position and its size.


Group of consecutive sectors read or written in one go.


Piece of hardware containing data. Hard disc drives, cdrom drives, USB pendrives, are devices. /dev/hda, /dev/sdb, are device names.


Files are named units of data which are stored by the operating system for you to retrieve later by name. Devices are accessed by means of their associated file names.


Every part in which a device is divided. A partition normally contains a filesystem. /dev/hda1, /dev/sdb3, are partition names.


Hardware block. Smallest accessible amount of data on a device.

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