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6.3 Serialization

bigloo procedure: string->obj string

This function converts a string which has been produced by obj->string into a Bigloo object.

bigloo procedure: obj->string object

This function converts into a string any Bigloo object which does not contain a procedure.

The implementation of the last two functions ensures that for every Bigloo object obj (containing no procedure), the expression:

(equal? obj (string->obj (obj->string obj)))
   ⇒ #t
bigloo procedure: binary-port? obj
bigloo procedure: open-output-binary-file file-name
bigloo procedure: append-output-binary-file file-name
bigloo procedure: open-input-binary-file file-name
bigloo procedure: close-binary-port binary-port
bigloo procedure: flush-binary-port binary-port
bigloo procedure: input-obj binary-port
bigloo procedure: output-obj binary-port obj

Bigloo allows Scheme objects to be dumped into, and restored from, files. These operations are performed by the previous functions. The dump and the restore use the two functions obj->string and string->obj.

It is also possible to use a binary file as a flat character file. This can be done by the means of output-char, input-char, output-string, and input-string functions.

bigloo procedure: input-char binary-port
bigloo procedure: output-char binary-port char
bigloo procedure: output-byte binary-port byte

The function input-char reads a single character from a binary-port. It returns the read character or the end-of-file object. The function output-char and output-byte writes a character, respectively a byte, into a binary-port.

bigloo procedure: input-string binary-port len
bigloo procedure: output-string binary-port

The function input-string reads a string from a binary-port of maximum length len. It returns a newly allocated string whose length is possibly smaller than len. The function output-string writes a string into a binary-port.

bigloo procedure: input-fill-string! binary-port string

Fills a string with characters read from binary-port with at most the length of string. The function returns the number of filled characters.

bigloo procedure: register-procedure-serialization! serializer unserializer
bigloo procedure: register-custom-serialization! ident serializer unserializer
bigloo procedure: register-process-serialization! serializer unserializer
bigloo procedure: register-opaque-serialization! serializer unserializer

There is no existing portable method to dump and restore a procedure. Thus, if obj->string is passed a procedure, it will emit an error message. Sometime, using strict restrictions, it may be convenient to use an ad-hoc framework to serialize and unserialize procedures. User may specify there own procedure serializer and unserializer. This is the role of register-procedure-serialization!. The argument serializer is a procedure of one argument, converting a procedure into a characters strings. The argument unserializer is a procedure of one argument, converting a characters string into a procedure. It belongs to the user to provide correct serializer and unserializer.

Here is an example of procedure serializer and unserializer that may be correct under some Unix platform:

(module foo
   (extern (macro %sprintf::int (::string ::string ::procedure) "sprintf")))

(define (string->procedure str)
   (pragma "(obj_t)(strtoul(BSTRING_TO_STRING($1), 0, 16))" str))

(define (procedure->string proc)
   (let ((item (make-string 10)))
      (%sprintf item "#p%lx" proc)

(register-procedure-serialization! procedure->string string->procedure)

(let ((x 4))
   (let ((obj (cons "toto" (lambda (y) (+ x y)))))
      (let ((nobj (string->obj (obj->string obj))))
	 (print ((cdr nobj) 5)))))
bigloo procedure: register-class-serialization! class serializer unserializer

Register a serializer/unserializer for a class. Subclasses of class inherit this serializer.

(module class-serialization-example
   (static (class point::object (x (default 10)) (y (default 20)))))

(register-class-serialization! point
			       (lambda (o)
				  (with-access::point o (x y)
				     (cons x y)))
			       (lambda (l)
				     (x (car l))
				     (y (cdr l)))))

(let ((o (instantiate::point)))
   (let ((s (obj->string (list o o))))
      (print (string-for-read s))
      (let ((l (string->obj s)))
	 (print l)
	 (eq? (car l) (cadr l))))) ⇒ #t
bigloo procedure: get-procedure-serialization
bigloo procedure: get-custom-serialization ident
bigloo procedure: get-process-serialization
bigloo procedure: get-opaque-serialization
bigloo procedure: get-class-serialization class

Returns the a multiple-values whose first element is the current procedure serializer and whose second element is the current procedure unserializer. If no serializer/unserializer is defined, these procedures return the values #f #f.

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