In version 2.18, GDK has been changed to use client-side windows. This
means that there is no longer a 1-1 correspondence between GdkWindows
and windows in the underlying window system. In particular, it is no
longer correct to assume that each window has an associated XID.
Code that makes this assumption can sometimes be fixed by calling
gdk_window_ensure_native() on the windows in question.
GDK_WINDOW_XID()) from the
X11-specific API on a non-native window will explicitly call
gdk_window_ensure_native(), so old code using this will continue to
work. A small gotcha is that the
GDK_WINDOW_XID() call is no longer a
trivial accessor for the XID of the window, and thus must not be called
from another thread without taking locking precautions.
GDK looks for the
GDK_NATIVE_WINDOWS environment variable
and makes all windows native if it is set. It also tries to be more
compatible with the way prior versions worked in some other ways.
Some applications assume that they can just operate on the X windows
corresponding to their GDK windows without ever telling GDK. One
example that we've seen is changing the child window stacking order
XRestackWindows(). Fixing this properly requires to fix the code
to use GDK functions to achieve whatever it is trying to achieve.
To make this easier in the case of stacking order changes, we've added
One change that can cause problems for some applications is that GDK is more aggressive about optimizing away expose events. Code that does more than just repainting exposed areas in response to expose events may be affected by this.
Problems can also occur when using cairo for drawing. One thing that can
go wrong is clip handling. If you ever need to reset the clip region on
a cairo_t (i.e. use
cairo_reset_clip()), you have to to use
gdk_cairo_reset_clip() instead. The reason for this is that the
cairo_reset_clip() call will remove the initial clip region that limits your drawing to
the client-side window at hand, so you will end up drawing over stuff
outside the window. You also need to use
gdk_cairo_reset_clip() if you
use a cairo_t that was not allocated in a double-buffered expose handler
and keep it in use after window hierarchy changes (resizing, moving,
stacking order changes). The easiest fix for this kind of problem is to
simply create a new cairo context for each expose event.
Due to a weird API in XClearArea the
gdk_window_clear_area() call handled
a specified width or height of zero to mean "to end of window" for
non-double-buffered drawing. This has been changed to be consistent with
the docs and what happens in the double-buffered case. All code in GTK+
that relied on this has been fixed, but it is possible (although unlikely)
that third party applications rely on this. If you need to do this, just
implement it yourself using