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XCB Surfaces

XCB Surfaces — X Window System rendering using the XCB library

Types and Values

Description

The XCB surface is used to render cairo graphics to X Window System windows and pixmaps using the XCB library.

Note that the XCB surface automatically takes advantage of the X render extension if it is available.

Functions

cairo_xcb_surface_create ()

cairo_surface_t *
cairo_xcb_surface_create (xcb_connection_t *connection,
                          xcb_drawable_t drawable,
                          xcb_visualtype_t *visual,
                          int width,
                          int height);

Creates an XCB surface that draws to the given drawable. The way that colors are represented in the drawable is specified by the provided visual.

Note: If drawable is a Window, then the function cairo_xcb_surface_set_size() must be called whenever the size of the window changes.

When drawable is a Window containing child windows then drawing to the created surface will be clipped by those child windows. When the created surface is used as a source, the contents of the children will be included.

Parameters

connection

an XCB connection

 

drawable

an XCB drawable

 

visual

the visual to use for drawing to drawable . The depth of the visual must match the depth of the drawable. Currently, only TrueColor visuals are fully supported.

 

width

the current width of drawable

 

height

the current height of drawable

 

Returns

a pointer to the newly created surface. The caller owns the surface and should call cairo_surface_destroy() when done with it.

This function always returns a valid pointer, but it will return a pointer to a "nil" surface if an error such as out of memory occurs. You can use cairo_surface_status() to check for this.

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_surface_create_for_bitmap ()

cairo_surface_t *
cairo_xcb_surface_create_for_bitmap (xcb_connection_t *connection,
                                     xcb_screen_t *screen,
                                     xcb_pixmap_t bitmap,
                                     int width,
                                     int height);

Creates an XCB surface that draws to the given bitmap. This will be drawn to as a CAIRO_FORMAT_A1 object.

Parameters

connection

an XCB connection

 

screen

the XCB screen associated with bitmap

 

bitmap

an XCB drawable (a Pixmap with depth 1)

 

width

the current width of bitmap

 

height

the current height of bitmap

 

Returns

a pointer to the newly created surface. The caller owns the surface and should call cairo_surface_destroy() when done with it.

This function always returns a valid pointer, but it will return a pointer to a "nil" surface if an error such as out of memory occurs. You can use cairo_surface_status() to check for this.

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_surface_create_with_xrender_format ()

cairo_surface_t *
cairo_xcb_surface_create_with_xrender_format
                               (xcb_connection_t *connection,
                                xcb_screen_t *screen,
                                xcb_drawable_t drawable,
                                xcb_render_pictforminfo_t *format,
                                int width,
                                int height);

Creates an XCB surface that draws to the given drawable. The way that colors are represented in the drawable is specified by the provided picture format.

Note: If drawable is a Window, then the function cairo_xcb_surface_set_size() must be called whenever the size of the window changes.

When drawable is a Window containing child windows then drawing to the created surface will be clipped by those child windows. When the created surface is used as a source, the contents of the children will be included.

Parameters

connection

an XCB connection

 

screen

the XCB screen associated with drawable

 

drawable

an XCB drawable

 

format

the picture format to use for drawing to drawable . The depth of format mush match the depth of the drawable.

 

width

the current width of drawable

 

height

the current height of drawable

 

Returns

a pointer to the newly created surface. The caller owns the surface and should call cairo_surface_destroy() when done with it.

This function always returns a valid pointer, but it will return a pointer to a "nil" surface if an error such as out of memory occurs. You can use cairo_surface_status() to check for this.

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_surface_set_size ()

void
cairo_xcb_surface_set_size (cairo_surface_t *surface,
                            int width,
                            int height);

Informs cairo of the new size of the XCB drawable underlying the surface. For a surface created for a window (rather than a pixmap), this function must be called each time the size of the window changes. (For a subwindow, you are normally resizing the window yourself, but for a toplevel window, it is necessary to listen for ConfigureNotify events.)

A pixmap can never change size, so it is never necessary to call this function on a surface created for a pixmap.

If cairo_surface_flush() wasn't called, some pending operations might be discarded.

Parameters

surface

a cairo_surface_t for the XCB backend

 

width

the new width of the surface

 

height

the new height of the surface

 

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_surface_set_drawable ()

void
cairo_xcb_surface_set_drawable (cairo_surface_t *surface,
                                xcb_drawable_t drawable,
                                int width,
                                int height);

Informs cairo of the new drawable and size of the XCB drawable underlying the surface.

If cairo_surface_flush() wasn't called, some pending operations might be discarded.

Parameters

surface

a cairo_surface_t for the XCB backend

 

drawable

the new drawable of the surface

 

width

the new width of the surface

 

height

the new height of the surface

 

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_device_get_connection ()

xcb_connection_t *
cairo_xcb_device_get_connection (cairo_device_t *device);

Get the connection for the XCB device.

Parameters

device

a cairo_device_t for the XCB backend

 

Returns

the xcb_connection_t for the connection

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_device_debug_cap_xrender_version ()

void
cairo_xcb_device_debug_cap_xrender_version
                               (cairo_device_t *device,
                                int major_version,
                                int minor_version);

Restricts all future XCB surfaces for this devices to the specified version of the RENDER extension. This function exists solely for debugging purpose. It let's you find out how cairo would behave with an older version of the RENDER extension.

Use the special values -1 and -1 for disabling the RENDER extension.

Parameters

device

a cairo_device_t for the XCB backend

 

major_version

major version to restrict to

 

minor_version

minor version to restrict to

 

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_device_debug_cap_xshm_version ()

void
cairo_xcb_device_debug_cap_xshm_version
                               (cairo_device_t *device,
                                int major_version,
                                int minor_version);

Restricts all future XCB surfaces for this devices to the specified version of the SHM extension. This function exists solely for debugging purpose. It let's you find out how cairo would behave with an older version of the SHM extension.

Use the special values -1 and -1 for disabling the SHM extension.

Parameters

device

a cairo_device_t for the XCB backend

 

major_version

major version to restrict to

 

minor_version

minor version to restrict to

 

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_device_debug_get_precision ()

int
cairo_xcb_device_debug_get_precision (cairo_device_t *device);

Get the Xrender precision mode.

Parameters

device

a cairo_device_t for the XCB backend

 

Returns

the render precision mode

Since: 1.12


cairo_xcb_device_debug_set_precision ()

void
cairo_xcb_device_debug_set_precision (cairo_device_t *device,
                                      int precision);

Render supports two modes of precision when rendering trapezoids. Set the precision to the desired mode.

Parameters

device

a cairo_device_t for the XCB backend

 

precision

the precision to use

 

Since: 1.12

Types and Values

CAIRO_HAS_XCB_SURFACE

#define CAIRO_HAS_XCB_SURFACE 1

Defined if the xcb surface backend is available. This macro can be used to conditionally compile backend-specific code.

Since: 1.12


CAIRO_HAS_XCB_SHM_FUNCTIONS

#define CAIRO_HAS_XCB_SHM_FUNCTIONS 1

See Also

cairo_surface_t

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